To explore the relationship between Avicenna and Plotinus, one question needs to be clarified upfront: what does it mean to say that one philosopher owes to another? A quick answer: ‘owe’ refers to the fact that a philosopher developed particular views because of another. A proper analysis of philosophical indebtedness, however, requires a more precise… Continue reading What does the philosophy of Avicenna owe to Plotinus?
The American philosopher David Lewis (1941 – 2001) argued that, beyond this world, the actual world, there are countless possible worlds of a certain nature. These possible worlds exist and are as real as the actual one. The inhabitants of this world are only a few compared to all the inhabitants of all the worlds.… Continue reading Possible Worlds – David Lewis
The Big Bang Theory (BBT) is a cosmological model about the origins of the Universe. Starting out from a high-density and high temperature state, the theory suggests that the Universe has been inflating over the past 13.8 billion years before developing into the present-day Universe. The idea that the Universe can be traced back to… Continue reading The Big Bang Theory – Three Pieces of Evidence
The physicist and cosmologist Max Tegmark propagates the view that the Universe can be thought of as a mathematical structure and that all mathematical structures exist in form of parallel worlds. The purpose of this essay is to sketch Tegmark main arguments and show how they substantiate Tegmark’s proposal. The idea of a close relationship… Continue reading Max Tegmark – The Mathematical (Level IV) Multiverse